Detailed Information about the Ephesus Ancient City
Classic, one of the Greek period Ionia twelve in Turkey’s ancient city of Ephesus in Selçuk district of İzmir city, the most popular place where local and foreign tourists have visited for years … UNESCO located in the World Heritage List and history dating back to Khattab Before 9 millennium ancient The magnificent architectural buildings in the city are waiting for you.
The ancient city of Ephesus, which contains symbols that shed light on the outstanding urbanization, architecture and religious history of the Hellenistic and Roman periods, has the most important architectural and urban planning examples from different periods. Ephesus, which is regarded as a place of pilgrimage by Christians and Islamic buildings built during the period of Principalities, also has significant accumulation in terms of religious history. Turkey’s most beautiful ancient city located between the presence of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the world’s 7 wonders of the region also increases its charm.
If you had gone to the city before the pandemic, the souvenir sellers would attract you like magnets. You will be surprised and tired before you travel, seeing the turmoil environment created by people arguing for parking in the parking lot and seeing hundreds of people waiting in front of the box office. For this reason, it is the time to visit Ephesus when you are just traveling with normalization and not being crowded at the moment.
World wonder of Ephesus: Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis is located 1.5 kilometers northeast of the ancient city and at the western exit of the Selcuk district center. The temple was discovered in 1869 by British engineer J. T. Wood, who worked in the construction of İzmir-Aydın railway, after seven years of excavations on behalf of the British Museum.
The temple, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, is considered to be the center of worship of the Mother Goddess. Today, there is not much in the temple’s place, except for columns and marble blocks made up of columns. After Alexander saved the place from Persian hegemony before the Roman years, the tax paid to the Persians was ordered to be paid to the temple, and the temple, which increased its capital in a short time, became the main base of banking activities. In the meantime, let me mention that some of the columns and architectural blocks with friezes were taken to the British Museum during excavations.
One of the most magnificent buildings of Ephesus: Celsus Library
When you start from the harbor and head towards Arkadiane street, you will get in front of the theater. I can say that the street is 11 meters wide and is the most spacious way of ancient cities in Anatolia. In front of the theater is the ‘Love House’, which consists of the marble street Celsus Library and the Turkish bath complex that took the agora to one side. Celcius (Selsiyus) Library is one of the most magnificent structures of Ephesus. The monument was restored and reconstructed in 1978 and lead plates were placed under 9 magnitude to withstand earthquakes. The library, which is the focal point of first-time visitors to Ephesus, has undertaken a bond that people of the past have established with the universal world. How well did a Lycian poem written 3 thousand years ago summarize the link between the past and the future…
Across the library is the slope of Kuretler Caddesi, right at the beginning of the street are terrace houses on the right. A special agora reserved for the use of the upper classes at the end of the street, Prytaneion, where the most distinguished visitors to Ephesus are accepted, Odeion where the parliament building and music concerts are held will welcome you…
Do not return without visiting ‘Goat Castle’
Belevi village is nearby. On the mountain in the region where the village is located, there is a ‘Goat Castle’ belonging to Roman, Byzantine, Selçuk and Ottoman periods. This special place, which is 300 meters high, where you can see the entire Menderes Plain, has a very important place in terms of controlling the trade routes and informing the public against any external danger and threat. By connecting lanterns to the horns of the goats, he made his way to the castle. The soldiers on duty in the fortress, the goats, the military army, left the fortress and thus the fortress and the city were captured without any bloodshed. Therefore, it is called “Goat Castle”. A wonderful panoramic view…