What you need to know about Switzerland

Are you ready for a tour of Switzerland?

Let’s look at what you need to know about Switzerland, one of the countries that attract the most tourists in the world.

The foundation of the Swiss Confederation, whose official name is the Swiss Confederation, was founded in the late 13th century and the country has been independent since 1499! Although it lost its independence with the invasion of Napoleon in 1798, it gained its independence again in 1815.

Swiss; A Western European country between the Jura Mountains, the Swiss plateau and the Alps!

It has a face measurement that is not much bigger than other European countries: 41,285 kilometers!

Neighboring Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.

The country has a mild climate, but minor differences can be seen in the cantons. The hottest months are June, July and August.

Although the summer months are hot, the most rainfall is observed in the summer months. You can go to Switzerland in spring and summer and enjoy the pleasure of skiing in the Alps in winter.

According to the census in 2017, the population of Switzerland is 8.42 million and most of the citizens live on the plateau where there are big cities instead of the Alps.

The official capital of Switzerland, consisting of 26 cantons, is the city of Bern. Apart from that, Zurich, Basel, Lausanne and Geneva are among the most important cities.

For those who are curious about their cantons, we can write: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Geneva, Friborg, Glarus, Graubünden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, St . Gallen, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais (Wallis), Vaud, Zug and Zurich.


It has four different official languages: German in northern and central Switzerland, Italian in the south, French in the west, and Romansh in the southeast.

There is no language union in the country, nor is there a religious union. Most of the inhabitants are Catholic, Orthodox and Reformist.

Swiss currency “Swiss franc”

Since it is included in the Schengen area, those who want to visit must obtain a Schengen visa.

Food culture is also very rich. It is especially known for its chocolate and cheese.

Train and bus lines play an important role in public transportation in Switzerland. Some cities also have trams.

Among the souvenirs you can buy from Switzerland, there is a Swiss army knife!

Festivals are organized in different months in the country. You can match your travels to these festival periods!

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